Booking.com — UX Case Study

Booking.com — UX Case Study

Booking.com has grown from a small Dutch start-up to one of the largest travel e-commerce companies in the world.

At Booking.com, travellers are connected with the world’s largest selection of incredible places to stay, including everything from apartments, vacation homes, and family-run B&Bs to 5-star luxury resorts, tree houses and even igloos.

Each day, more than 1,550,000 room nights are reserved through the platform.

Whether travelling for business or leisure, customers can instantly book their ideal accommodation quickly and easily, without booking fees.

Research

Since Booking.com was launched, many competitors have followed up the trend with a similar business model, filling the marketplace, becoming popular and In few cases working even better than Booking.com itself.

To begin my research, I started to look at a few competitors or similar platforms, analysing UI, UX, User flow, IA and key features. I won’t go into detail however, as I want to keep the focus on the research which has been made on Booking.com itself.

Scenario

During the research I identified many different scenarios and I kept my focus and develop the the following:

  • Scenario 1: user knows dates and destination of its trip (default scenarios)
  • Scenario 2: user knows dates but not the destination of its trip
  • Scenario 3: user knows destination but not the dates of its trip

User Persona

Going further through the research, I identified 4 personas which have different needs and different goals. This data will be useful to improve the user experience for each one of them.

The aim would be/has been to create the best itinerary and improve the functionalities to provide the best possible experience for each persona.

data acquired from online research and users interviews (sample of 30 users)

User reviews

I reached out good hints from users reviews which have not highlighted relevant issues about usability or functionalities. I’ve categorised the complaints in 4 categories:

  1. Booking cancellation
  2. App Bug
  3. Deal complaints
  4. Review visualization

The most relevant is, without any doubt, the booking cancellation. Too many users noted unjustified fees or difficulties getting in touch with the hosts.

User interviews

Based on a sample group of 30 users, I tried to get further feedback from which I highlighted the following considerations:

  1. The average prices are usually higher compared to other platforms
  2. It’s hard to find negative feedback about the properties. The system is structured to highlight positive feedback
  3. It’s also hard to get in touch with the host and receive responses from them

I’d like to pull out one quote, which was pretty interesting because it doesn’t depart too much from the “user complaints” faced in the users reviews (deal complaints).

Pain points

Summarising the research I’ve discussed, I have develop the following considerations:

  1. There is not a proper solution to cover the scenarios that have been identified. It seems that the user needs to have all the information required to get a suitable result
  2. There are not functionalities to improve the user experience considering each persona identified
  3. UI could be improved and made more user centered rather than “sales centered”
  4. There are issues related to the booking cancellation and to reaching out the hosts
Let’s start with the solutions

Starting from the pain point, I tried to find solutions to solve them and introduce new features overall to improve the user experience.

Homepage

Overall, I’ve made many changes on the current homepage.The searching process has been completely redesigned, trying to avoid too much information being required to get a result in the first instance.

Navigation — I’ve designed a new Tab Bar, pulling out the “saved” button from the IA, so the user can quickly have the access to its own saved properties. Furthermore I introduced the new section “Deals” which I’ll explain better later.

Helpful widget — As for the previous version I’ve kept the useful widgets related to the latest searches and properties view, revisiting the UI in order to improve the look and feel and the usability.

Social — Nowadays, social networks are even more integrated in the user’s lifestyle. So why shouldn’t be included even in booking.com? I’ve included a new feature which allows the user to connect with their own networks and to see the latest properties chosen by them, including some quick feedback about it (i.e. like / dislike). I’ve relegated this feature to the homepage as I want to collect more data about it before rolling it out across other sections.

Search — Now the process has been split in multiple steps. After the first one, the user is allowed to reach the listing page even without specifying any dates or other information. Therefore the scenario 3 is covered. Moreover, I’ve introduced the voice search which can be used by the user to make searching even easier. Based on the assumptions I took from the personas, the result of the listing page will be customised using the information from the last step of the search:

  • 1 adult — backpacker — hostel
  • 2 adult — holiday couple — hotel, guest house or B&B
  • 2 adult + child — family — apartament or hotel
  • 1 adult + business select — businessman — hotel

Note: Even the facilities highlighted in the listing page will be shown based on these assumptions.

Listing page

The listing page shows many overall changes to improve the usability:

  • I changed the filter from 3 to 2 buttons to reduce the user’s step — it also remains at the bottom to have a quicker and easier access
  • I added a label to identify the property type
  • The main facilities offered by the property have been shown to the user In a first instance.

Note: Leveraging the personas data, the property listing can be customised to highlight relevant information which each persona is looking for.

  • I converted the price to “for night” instead of “total” to make the comparison easier between properties
  • I Avoided the “deal focus”
Property Detail

I’ve rolled out many changes which can be introduced in the listing page.In this case the price has been shown by total, to avoid to hide potential additional fees which might affect the total price.

I’d also like to highlight a minor feature related to the reviews, in which the user has been allowed to filter them by rating (sort by button). — This issue was spotted in the user reviews.

Deals

At the beginning of the research I identified scenario 2 — in which the user doesn’t yet know its own destination. To provide a better user experience, I introduced a new section where the user can find packages from various destinations. Thanks to the filter, the user is be able to select the packages most suitable for its needs (period — continent — country etc…)

Prototype

I built a prototype which shows the entire project, showing each one of the mockups faced before.

Enjoy!

Conclusion

Due to time constraints, the research and consequents assumptions are based on my personal experience and a small amount of data.

Deep analysis and additional testing needs to be conducted in order to refine and validate the solution.

This article originally appeared on Medium 

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